How Microsoft’s Anti-Competitive Behavior is Killing the Software Industry

microsoft anti competition behavior

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Microsoft is one of the world’s most successful companies, dominating the software industry for years and being used by billions worldwide.

Microsoft has experienced immense success, but this success has come with controversy. They have been accused of engaging in anticompetitive practices numerous times, and these allegations continue to surface today.

This article examines Microsoft’s history of anticompetitive conduct.

We will explore the specific practices Microsoft is accused of engaging in, their potential negative repercussions and legal ramifications, and any anticompetitive practices they employ in the software industry.



Microsoft was established by Bill Gates and Paul Allen in 1975, with their inaugural product being a BASIC interpreter for the Altair 8800 computer.

Microsoft quickly established itself as the premier provider of personal computer software, and its Windows OS quickly became the dominant force on the market.

Microsoft was often accused of abusing its market power to limit competition in other software markets during the 90s.

Microsoft was accused of bundling its Internet Explorer web browser with Windows, making it harder for consumers to install alternative browsers.


Microsoft was also accused of giving its software preferential treatment within Windows, making it hard for other software developers to compete effectively with them.

Anticompetitive Practices 

Microsoft is facing various allegations of anticompetitive practices, such as:

  1. Bundling: Microsoft is often accused of bundling its products with others to make it more difficult for consumers to choose other offerings – for example, bundling Internet Explorer web browsers with Windows makes it hard for people to install other browsers.
  2. Preferential Treatment: Microsoft has been accused of giving its products preferential treatment in the Windows operating system, making it harder for other products to compete. For instance, Internet Explorer received higher default priority than other web browsers.
  3. Refusal to license: Microsoft has long been accused of refusing to license its technology to other businesses, making it difficult for them to compete effectively. For instance, they refused to grant licenses of Windows operating systems to computer manufacturers who used other operating systems like Linux.
  4. Making it challenging to switch: Microsoft has long been accused of making it difficult for its customers to switch products by charging high switching fees if they wish to switch away from Internet Explorer in Windows, such as charging computer manufacturers extra to take this step.

Negative Consequences

Microsoft’s anticompetitive practices can have far-reaching negative repercussions that extend well beyond direct competitors; such practices could even include:

  1. Reduced Competition: Companies need competition to become more inclined to innovate and provide new products and services, leading to higher consumer prices and less variety.
  2. Reduced Innovation: With competition to drive them forward, companies tend to invest more in developing new products and services, which may lead to slower innovation and reduced economic growth.
  3. Less choice: When consumers have limited choices, they may feel forced into using products they do not desire or need, leading to discontentment and disappointment. This situation could lead to lessened satisfaction and frustration levels among the population as a whole.

Legal Implications

On multiple occasions, the U.S. government has accused Microsoft of engaging in anticompetitive practices that diminish competition in various ways.


In 1998, the U.S. Department of Justice filed a suit against Microsoft, alleging violations of antitrust laws. This case was eventually settled, with Microsoft agreeing to modify some of its business practices.

2007 the European Commission fined Microsoft $1.4 billion for anticompetitive conduct. Their investigation determined that Microsoft had misused its market power by bundling Media Player with Windows OS.

Impact on the Software Industry

Microsoft’s anticompetitive practices have had an enormous effect on the software industry. Their anti-competitive tactics have made it more difficult for new companies to enter and compete against Microsoft, leading to less innovation and less choice for consumers.

The Future

It remains to be seen what Microsoft’s plans are about its anti-competitive practices, given their increased scrutiny in recent years and the legal threats facing them. It may yet face more legal hurdles.


Microsoft is an extremely powerful company with deep pockets, so it is difficult to determine whether they will be held accountable for their actions.


Microsoft is well known for engaging in anticompetitive practices which impede competition, innovation and choice within the software industry. We must hold Microsoft accountable for these behaviors and monitor its actions accordingly to foster fair competition across the sector.


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